One of the most daunting and frustrating tasks I faced for the majority of my Christian life was trying to fully comprehend the Old Testament in light of the New Testament. While I understood the origin of sin, how Moses was a type of Christ, how the sacrifices pointed to Christ, how the Levitical priesthood pointed to Christ, and how David’s kingship pointed to Christ, there was so much that I was missing that I longed to understand. I always felt like there was a cohesion to the Scriptures, but somehow I could not get a grasp on it. I knew that understanding the Old Testament had a direct implication of my understanding of the New Testament because the New Testament authors quote and reference the Old Testament a great deal. Perhaps the most helpful verse that helped me understand the importance and relevance of the the Old Testament is found in Luke 24:27, the Emmaus Road account:
27 And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.
Jesus, having been raised from the dead but unrecognizable, is talking with two men who were expressing their dismay because of His death as they had hoped He would be the one to redeem Israel. Verse 27 says Jesus explains everything about His life, death and resurrection from the Old Testament. This drove me to understand the Old Testament even more and by God’s grace, I was introduced to the discipline of Biblical Theology. Very simply defined, Biblical Theology is an approach of the Scriptures that reveals God’s progressive plan of redemption throughout human history through the work of Jesus Christ. Biblical Theology reveals the metanarrative or big picture of Scripture. Biblical Theology is a 30,000 ft. view of the Scriptures that helps us understand individual books when read in light of the grand scope. One of the most important steps for doing Biblical Theology is to grasp the historical development of the Bible. It is imperative that we understand the flow of biblical history if we want to better understand the progressive nature of salvation. Below is a diagram of biblical history from According to Plan by Graeme Goldsworthy, a highly respected biblical theologian.
The following books are highly recommended as introductions to Biblical Theology:
1. God’s Big Picture by Vaughan Roberts
2. Goldsworthy Trilogy by Graeme Goldsworthy
3. According to Plan by Graeme Goldsworthy
Also, here are reviews of the aforementioned by 9Marks.org.
Grace & Peace,